Different Types of Synthetic Fibre
With many factories and brands miss selling fibre under the wrong name, it is important to know what you are buying.
At Diversity Hair, we have put in alot of work over the years finding the honest manufacturers from the bad, getting all the correct information and buying in and labeling all fibres as what they genuinely are. Below is a guide to the types of fibre you may come across for sale on our site and elsewhere and how to tell what type of fibre they are.
Please note that we cannot speak for other companies selling Jumbo Braid, or answer what types of fibre they use. Please take that up with the individual companies.
Made by the Kaneka Corp, Kanekalon® is a registered Trademark and supplied by them in its raw state to factories to cut, texturise and dye. It has a low heat resistance of around 80 degrees C and shrinks with heat. Flame retardant.
Jumbo braid is where the hair is all one length.
Pre-stretched jumbo braid is where the hair is layered to form a taper.
Kanekalon® High Heat Fibre
It is simply Kanekalon that has been dyed in non standard colours using different processes. This means that the texture and heat resistance are altered. Only a minimal amount of factories do this, and availability is completely dependant on dye availability. This means the Kanekalon has a high heat resistance of around 160 degrees C and upwards, and this will vary across colours in the same range, along with the texture. Usually you'll find this fibre made into Yaki ponytails etc. Flame retardant.
Kanekalon® High Heat FUTURA® Fibre
Another more widely used version of high heat resistance Kanekalon fibre. FUTURA® is made to mimic human hair in texture and heat resistance. You can use heated hair tools on it to style it, and it resists tangling. You would apply it as a weave or as bonded hair extensions. Flame retardant.
Low Temperature Chinese Fibre
Much like Kanekalon® but slightly coarser in texture. With a similar heat resistance. It will set in hot water.
Henlon is a type of high heat synthetic fibre often confused with High heat Kanekalon. Its main use in the industry is wig making.
Henlon is generally silkier than High Heat Kanekalon and quite tough. It is also normally cheaper than high heat Kanekalon. It has a high heat resistance of 120 degrees C and up, and will not shrink with heat, but will hold its shape. The colour spectrum of Henlon Synthetic Jumbo Braid is vast and contains the same colours as High heat Kanekalon, as the dyes used are compatible with both types of synthetic fibre.
Using Henlon is not much different to using Silky Kanekalon High Heat Jumbo Braid, in that it will have alot less volume in the packet for the weight and will need significant backcombing to gain a similar number of dreads or braids from one packet of hair. However, the colours availability is vast, the price appealing and with a use of a high heat steamer or some flat irons and a damp cloth, you can create the same wonderful things with this hair as you do with Kanekalon.
High Temperature Fibre (Chinese Fibre)
A light puffy fibre that mimics Kanekalon in texture, albeit with slightly more shine. It offers more colour range, and is great for dreadmaking and braids. It is NOT flame retardant, but it does set its shape if high heat is used. You would set it with straighteners over a damp cloth or boiling water.
Toyokalon is a flame retardant fibre usually used for wig making. It has a higher heat resistance than Kanekalon, and offers a wide variety of colours. It is particularly good for curled styles as it holds the curl extremely well. Toyokalon is softer than Kanekalon and won't tangle as much. This is only really an advantage when using it in its uncrimped form for loose extensions.
Now being phased out of the hair extensions industry, Polypropylene was one of the earliest types of synthetic fibre on the market. It is not flame resistant, but does have a high heat tolerance. It is normally shiny in texture. However, it is still used for some special effects hair, as it lends itself very well to this. It can take special effects dyes well and is quite a strong fibre.
Hiperlon is the highest quality synthetic fibre you will find. It is used for wig making and made to be durable, strong and as natural looking as possible. It has a heat resistence of up to 420 degrees C and reacts well to styling and dying.
Powerlon is very similar to Hiperlon, but slightly softer. It takes high heat styling, but is not as heat resistant as Hiperlon. Again, best used in wig making and one of the most common wig making fibres after Henlon.
Elora and Kanekalon
This is Kanekalon that has been coated. The idea is to make the kanekalon less able to tangle when used in wigs. However, since it is still kanekalon, it can only take low heat styling.
The cheapest and lowest quality of synthetic fibre, it is not heat resistant, and very shiny. It is usually used for party wigs.